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宋清辉:期望个税改革再进一步

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月24日 06:22:57
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(原)(标)(题)(:宋)(清)(辉)(:期)(望)(个)(税)(改)(革)(再)(进)(一)(步)(
著)(名)(经)(济)(学)(家)(宋)(清)(辉)(认)(为)(,个)(税)(改)(革)(需)(要)(全)(方)(位)(、系)(统)(性)(地)(对)(当)(前)(的)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(相)(关)(政)(策)(进)(行)(修)(改)(,其)(中)(还)(需)(要)(各)(部)(门)(的)(支)(持)(配)(合)(,才)(能)(令)(改)(革)(落)(地)(。他)(表)(示)(,期)(望)(个)(税)(改)(革)(能)(够)(做)(到)(两)(点)(:一)(是)(能)(够)(降)(低)(个)(人)(的)(个)(税)(负)(担)(,获)(得)(更)(多)(的)(可)(支)(配)(方)(式)(;二)(是)(通)(过)(缜)(密)(的)(政)(策)(防)(止)(各)(类)(偷)(税)(漏)(税)(现)(象)(的)(发)(生)(,保)(证)(每)(个)(符)(合)(条)(件)(的)(公)(民)(都)(能)(依)(法)(缴)(纳)(个)(税)(。
个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(、专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(等)(受)(到)(特)(别)(关)(注)(征)(求)(意)(见)(“满)(月)(”个)(税)(改)(革)(再)(进)(一)(步)(
7月)(28日)(,个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(法)(修)(正)(案)((草)(案)()结)(束)(向)(社)(会)(公)(开)(征)(求)(意)(见)(。来)(自)(中)(国)(人)(大)(网)(的)(消)(息)(显)(示)(,该)(草)(案)(征)(集)(意)(见)(超)(过)(13万)(条)(。专)(家)(认)(为)(,个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(当)(然)(重)(要)(,但)(更)(重)(要)(的)(是)(确)(立)(综)(合)(和)(分)(类)(相)(结)(合)(的)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(制)(,更)(好)(地)(促)(进)(社)(会)(公)(平)(。专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(因)(人)(而)(异)(,体)(现)(的)(也)(是)(更)(公)(平)(的)(、更)(有)(针)(对)(性)(的)(帮)(助)(。草)(案)(关)(于)(综)(合)(征)(收)(、专)(项)(扣)(除)(等)(内)(容)(的)(细)(节)(还)(有)(待)(进)(一)(步)(明)(确)(。
中)(国)(商)(报)(记)(者)(王)(紫)(
结)(束)(了)(为)(期)(一)(个)(月)(的)(征)(求)(意)(见)(期)(,《中)(华)(人)(民)(共)(和)(国)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(法)(修)(正)(案)((草)(案)()》征)(得)(意)(见)(超)(过)(13万)(条)(。据)(悉)(,6月)(29日)(,中)(国)(人)(大)(网)(公)(布)(了)(该)(草)(案)(全)(文)(,并)(开)(启)(了)(为)(期)(30天)(向)(公)(众)(征)(求)(意)(见)(的)(法)(定)(程)(序)(,截)(止)(日)(期)(为)(7月)(28日)(。在)(意)(见)(征)(求)(期)(间)(,个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(、专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(等)(成)(为)(公)(众)(特)(别)(关)(注)(的)(话)(题)(。
据)(记)(者)(了)(解)(,个)(税)(草)(案)(的)(一)(大)(亮)(点)(是)(“综)(合)(与)(分)(类)(征)(收)(”迈)(出)(实)(质)(步)(伐)(,将)(此)(前)(分)(类)(课)(征)(的)(工)(薪)(所)(得)(、劳)(务)(报)(酬)(所)(得)(、稿)(酬)(所)(得)(和)(特)(许)(权)(使)(用)(费)(所)(得)(综)(合)(征)(税)(。在)(提)(高)(起)(征)(点)(的)(同)(时)(,增)(加)(了)(子)(女)(教)(育)(支)(出)(、继)(续)(教)(育)(支)(出)(、大)(病)(医)(疗)(支)(出)(等)(专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(。“此)(次)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(法)(的)(修)(订)(在)(很)(多)(方)(面)(有)(了)(重)(要)(突)(破)(,将)(我)(国)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(改)(革)(向)(前)(推)(进)(了)(一)(大)(步)(。”中)(国)(财)(政)(科)(学)(研)(究)(院)(研)(究)(员)(梁)(季)(表)(示)(。
平)(衡)(收)(入)(差)(距)(
降)(低)(中)(低)(收)(入)(者)(税)(负)(无)(疑)(是)(此)(次)(草)(案)(的)(一)(大)(亮)(点)(,草)(案)(拟)(将)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(从)(每)(月)(3500元)(提)(高)(至)(每)(月)(5000元)(。
今)(年)(6月)(,财)(政)(部)(部)(长)(刘)(昆)(受)(国)(务)(院)(委)(托)(就)(修)(正)(案)(草)(案)(作)(说)(明)(时)(介)(绍)(说)(:“这)(一)(标)(准)(综)(合)(考)(虑)(了)(人)(民)(群)(众)(消)(费)(支)(出)(水)(平)(增)(长)(等)(各)(方)(面)(因)(素)(,并)(体)(现)(了)(一)(定)(的)(前)(瞻)(性)(。按)(此)(标)(准)(并)(结)(合)(税)(率)(结)(构)(调)(整)(测)(算)(,取)(得)(工)(资)(、薪)(金)(等)(综)(合)(所)(得)(的)(纳)(税)(人)(,总)(体)(上)(税)(负)(都)(有)(不)(同)(程)(度)(下)(降)(,特)(别)(是)(中)(等)(以)(下)(收)(入)(群)(体)(税)(负)(下)(降)(明)(显)(,有)(利)(于)(增)(加)(居)(民)(收)(入)(、增)(强)(消)(费)(能)(力)(。”
据)(悉)(,在)(1980年)(确)(定)(为)(800元)(/月)(后)(,我)(国)(曾)(先)(后)(三)(次)(根)(据)(经)(济)(社)(会)(发)(展)(情)(况)(调)(整)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(,分)(别)(是)(2006年)(提)(高)(到)(1600元)(/月)(、2008年)(提)(高)(到)(2000元)(/月)(、2011年)(提)(高)(到)(目)(前)(的)(3500元)(/月)(。此)(次)(拟)(上)(调)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(至)(5000元)(/月)(,从)(调)(整)(幅)(度)(来)(看)(,与)(上)(次)(的)(力)(度)(相)(当)(。国)(家)(统)(计)(局)(近)(日)(发)(布)(的)(调)(查)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,2017年)(我)(国)(规)(模)(以)(上)(企)(业)(就)(业)(人)(员)(年)(平)(均)(工)(资)(为)(61578元)(。
“我)(认)(为)(个)(税)(法)(修)(改)(的)(主)(要)(目)(标)(有)(三)(个)(,一)(是)(平)(衡)(收)(入)(差)(距)(;二)(是)(实)(现)(民)(富)(国)(强)(的)(中)(国)(梦)(,提)(升)(广)(大)(纳)(税)(人)(的)(幸)(福)(感)(、获)(得)(感)(和)(安)(全)(感)(;三)(是)(实)(现)(纳)(税)(人)(之)(间)(的)(公)(平)(。”中)(国)(人)(民)(大)(学)(商)(法)(研)(究)(所)(所)(长)(刘)(俊)(海)(教)(授)(对)(中)(国)(商)(报)(记)(者)(表)(示)(,追)(求)(小)(康)(社)(会)(的)(核)(心)(就)(是)(民)(富)(国)(强)(,这)(就)(要)(求)(在)(税)(收)(政)(策)(上)(放)(水)(养)(鱼)(、藏)(富)(于)(民)(。
刘)(俊)(海)(认)(为)(,总)(的)(原)(则)(就)(是)(确)(保)(中)(产)(阶)(层)(减)(轻)(税)(负)(。与)(刘)(俊)(海)(持)(共)(同)(观)(点)(的)(还)(有)(格)(力)(电)(器)(董)(事)(长)(董)(明)(珠)(,她)(曾)(说)(过)(:“我)(觉)(得)(3500元)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(要)(改)(,起)(征)(点)(提)(高)(后)(,个)(税)(应)(由)(富)(人)(承)(担)(。”
与)(此)(同)(时)(,记)(者)(在)(采)(访)(中)(还)(了)(解)(到)(,自)(草)(案)(公)(布)(后)(,相)(关)(条)(款)(也)(引)(发)(了)(网)(友)(的)(热)(议)(,提)(高)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(的)(呼)(声)(越)(来)(越)(高)(。有)(网)(友)(表)(示)(:“我)(合)(租)(一)(间)(房)(,一)(个)(月)(有)(2000元)(房)(租)(,工)(资)(的)(一)(半)(都)(交)(给)(了)(房)(东)(,每)(月)(个)(税)(都)(好)(几)(百)(元)(呢)(。”显)(然)(,网)(友)(期)(盼)(提)(高)(起)(征)(点)(的)(背)(后)(与)(其)(所)(在)(城)(市)(的)(生)(活)(成)(本)(较)(高)(有)(着)(直)(接)(关)(系)(。
“总)(体)(而)(言)(,这)(次)(个)(税)(改)(革)(最)(终)(将)(要)(达)(到)(调)(节)(收)(入)(、财)(富)(分)(配)(的)(效)(果)(,此)(举)(也)(有)(利)(于)(社)(会)(正)(义)(、社)(会)(和)(谐)(的)(发)(挥)(。个)(税)(对)(不)(少)(工)(薪)(阶)(层)(已)(形)(成)(了)(不)(小)(的)(压)(力)(,让)(改)(革)(成)(为)(必)(然)(。”著)(名)(经)(济)(学)(家)(宋)(清)(辉)(对)(记)(者)(说)(,从)(目)(前)(的)(社)(会)(经)(济)(发)(展)(水)(平)(来)(看)(,如)(果)(最)(终)(个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(比)(之)(前)(有)(较)(大)(提)(升)(,那)(么)(受)(益)(的)(无)(疑)(将)(是)(城)(市)(里)(的)(中)(低)(收)(入)(群)(体)(。
专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(因)(人)(而)(异)(
本)(次)(个)(税)(法)(修)(改)(的)(另)(一)(大)(亮)(点)(是)(首)(次)(增)(加)(了)(“专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(”——包)(括)(子)(女)(教)(育)(支)(出)(、继)(续)(教)(育)(支)(出)(、大)(病)(医)(疗)(支)(出)(、住)(房)(贷)(款)(利)(息)(和)(住)(房)(租)(金)(等)(。换)(句)(话)(说)(,以)(后)(纳)(税)(时)(,除)(减)(去)(基)(本)(养)(老)(保)(险)(、基)(本)(医)(疗)(保)(险)(、失)(业)(保)(险)(、住)(房)(公)(积)(金)(等)(专)(项)(扣)(除)(外)(,还)(要)(减)(去)(专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(,再)(计)(算)(要)(纳)(税)(的)(金)(额)(。而)(子)(女)(教)(育)(、继)(续)(教)(育)(、住)(房)(贷)(款)(利)(息)(,能)(享)(受)(到)(这)(些)(优)(惠)(的)(多)(为)(已)(婚)(人)(士)(,单)(身)(群)(体)(无)(疑)(会)(相)(对)(多)(缴)(一)(些)(个)(税)(。
中)(国)(社)(会)(科)(学)(院)(、财)(经)(战)(略)(研)(究)(院)(研)(究)(员)(杨)(志)(勇)(表)(示)(,个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(当)(然)(重)(要)(,但)(更)(重)(要)(的)(是)(确)(立)(综)(合)(和)(分)(类)(相)(结)(合)(的)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(制)(,更)(好)(地)(促)(进)(社)(会)(公)(平)(。专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(因)(人)(而)(异)(,体)(现)(的)(也)(是)(更)(公)(平)(的)(、更)(有)(针)(对)(性)(的)(帮)(助)(。
专)(家)(认)(为)(,草)(案)(关)(于)(综)(合)(征)(收)(、专)(项)(扣)(除)(等)(内)(容)(的)(细)(节)(还)(有)(待)(进)(一)(步)(明)(确)(。
在)(北)(京)(大)(学)(经)(济)(学)(院)(财)(政)(系)(主)(任)(刘)(怡)(看)(来)(,真)(正)(解)(决)(民)(众)(税)(收)(压)(力)(问)(题)(需)(做)(到)(实)(报)(实)(销)(。另)(外)(,在)(子)(女)(教)(育)(方)(面)(,如)(果)(按)(照)(全)(国)(的)(统)(一)(水)(平)(,可)(能)(会)(出)(现)(在)(一)(线)(城)(市)(减)(免)(比)(例)(较)(低)(、在)(教)(育)(费)(用)(较)(低)(城)(市)(覆)(盖)(更)(多)(的)(情)(况)(。在)(继)(续)(教)(育)(方)(面)(,对)(于)(继)(续)(教)(育)(概)(念)(界)(定)(、培)(训)(机)(构)(资)(质)(认)(定)(等)(方)(面)(也)(是)(难)(点)(。
宋)(清)(辉)(认)(为)(,个)(税)(改)(革)(需)(要)(全)(方)(位)(、系)(统)(性)(地)(对)(当)(前)(的)(个)(人)(所)(得)(税)(相)(关)(政)(策)(进)(行)(修)(改)(,其)(中)(还)(需)(要)(各)(部)(门)(的)(支)(持)(配)(合)(,才)(能)(令)(改)(革)(落)(地)(。他)(表)(示)(,期)(望)(个)(税)(改)(革)(能)(够)(做)(到)(两)(点)(:一)(是)(能)(够)(降)(低)(个)(人)(的)(个)(税)(负)(担)(,获)(得)(更)(多)(的)(可)(支)(配)(方)(式)(;二)(是)(通)(过)(缜)(密)(的)(政)(策)(防)(止)(各)(类)(偷)(税)(漏)(税)(现)(象)(的)(发)(生)(,保)(证)(每)(个)(符)(合)(条)(件)(的)(公)(民)(都)(能)(依)(法)(缴)(纳)(个)(税)(。
专)(家)(认)(为)(,个)(税)(改)(革)(应)(当)(着)(眼)(长)(远)(。最)(终)(要)(实)(现)(增)(加)(低)(收)(入)(者)(收)(入)(、扩)(大)(中)(等)(收)(入)(者)(比)(重)(、加)(大)(对)(高)(收)(入)(者)(的)(税)(收)(调)(节)(力)(度)(。原)(标)(题)(:个)(税)(起)(征)(点)(、专)(项)(附)(加)(扣)(除)(等)(受)(到)(特)(别)(关)(注)(征)(求)(意)(见)(“满)(月)(”个)(税)(改)(革)(再)(进)(一)(步)(返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
阅)(读)(()
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